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There is so much to learn about how violence affects people and societies that no single resource could ever pretend to offer definitive comprehensive information and data on the subject. That said, we have compiled some information to round out your understanding of our program and its holistic focus considering the many cultural, social, educational and monetary factors that feed the normalization of violence around the world.

We will update this section as we find more useful content so please keep checking back.

Violence Against Women and Economic Development in Ecuador

Although the key concern in cases of violence is clearly the health and well-being of the victim, the losses to economies and social development have emerged as another factor to be considered when evaluating the importance of working on prevention. Two different studies clearly show the impact of violence against women on (VaW ) economic development in Ecuador. Two different studies clearly show the impact of violence against women on economic development in Ecuador.

The Invisible Costs of Violence Against Women for Ecuadorian Micro-Enterprises” by Dr. Aristides Alfredo Vara Horna paints a bleak picture of the reality in the country. According to the study, 95% of all Ecuadorian businesses are micro-enterprises, and over half of them are women-owned. Although financial empowerment – and specifically microentrepreneurship – has been used successfully as a means to improve women’s livelihoods and reduce violence, this study shows that 51% of these female entrepreneurs either are currently or at some point were victims of some form of violence at the hands of their current or former partner. And even if they have separated, the cycle of violence does not end: 61% of women living separately experience violence and the figure rises to 80% for divorced women. This leads to a loss of 54 work days per woman per year. In US terms, the income loss of $70 per year may seem infimal, but for women who make ends meet on a shoestring budget, this amount can be devastating.

In large and medium-sized companies, which generate a significant portion of the country’s economic activity, Dr. Vara-Horna’s continued studies have shown an even greater economic impact. His most recent report, “The Invisible Impact on Large and Medium Private Enterprises of Violence Against Women in Partner Relationships”, released late in 2019, shows that large and medium-sized enterprises lose almost $1.8 billion or 1.65% of GDP to VaW

What is most telling about this report, however, is that although the worst cases of VaW cause the largest number of lost days of productivity at an individual level, it is actually the more normalized forms of VaW that cause the greatest total effect: 49.9% of total costs. When combined with the costs stemming from witnesses, normalized violence actually generates 81.3% of total costs. Also surprisingly, most of the costs to businesses do not actually come from the female victims, but rather from witnesses and male aggressors.

% of costs of VaW in large and medium-sized companies in Ecuador (2019)

  • Normalized violence
  • Serious violence
  • Growing violence
  • Witnesses

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Our volunteers are currently researching this topic.
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Our volunteers are currently researching this topic.
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Our volunteers are currently researching this topic.
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Our volunteers are currently researching this topic.
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Systemic Integrative Community Therapy (Terapia Comunitaria Integrativa Sistémica or TCI) was born in 1987 under a cashew tree in the favelas of Brazil as a homegrown solution to mounting and intractable individual and community problems. Dr. Adalberto Barreto, a psychiatrist, anthropologist and theologian, working together with his brother Aiton Barreto, created a health promotion and prevention methodology that has now helped millions of people create strong community networks, improve physical and mental health, rebuild their cultural identity, and perhaps most importantly, discover that they hold the key to improving their own lives. Since 2006, the methodology forms part of Brazil’s public health system as an official “Complementary and Integrative Practice” and the government has subsidized training for tens of thousands of practitioners to expand coverage nationally. Today, the methodology is used in over 27 countries in various languages.

TCI dialog circles offer a group space but they are not group therapy…rather they are a practice in which the group helps itself…and so they can be used anywhere that human beings are present. Gender, race, socioeconomic level, education are not relevant because this is a space where people get together to share their life experiences in a horizontal, non-hierarchical setting. Traditional community knowledge joins forces with scientific theory, allowing individuals to learn from each other, building greater self-esteem and resilience in the process. It is a true democratic experience, where each person learns to listen actively, without judgement, and discover something new about others and themselves.

Pearls of Light

Born of the Conversando con la Veci(ndad) healing circles program, the Pearls of Light gather key life wisdom from participants in the circles and present this newfound knowledge in bite-sized formats, leveraging the powerful learnings even for people who choose not to join a circle.

A quick and easy way to open your heart and mind to new ways of seeing the world.

The Pearls of Light have been published for over 2 years on our social networks and now serve as inspiration for numerous communications campaigns.


An innovative proprietary workshop based on music, art and dialogue that addresses the issue of gender-based violence from a fresh, playful and welcoming perspective, allowing the expression of feelings that sometimes cannot be conveyed with mere words. The participants surrender to their inner child, breaking down barriers and stereotypes and for a few moments become empathetic artists who can truly feel the suffering of others. Through their own artistic expression, the participants achieve a better understanding of the cultural structures and paradigms that generate violence on a day-to-day basis and then join together for a group discussion of the way in which these attitudes and behaviors undermine the relationships of the entire society and how they, with their actions and words, can be part of the change.

Please write to us at info@paariba.org and let us know what questions you would like us to answer.